THE POWER OF
PRIMARY PREVENTION

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The Prevention Alliance is a network of over 50 coalitions that fosters collaboration and leverages resources to enhance
environmental strategies and targeted statewide services in the fields of substance abuse prevention and
public health. PAT Coalitions implement data-driven and evidence-based programs across the state, helping build
Tennessee’s capacity to create stronger, healthier communities, families and individuals.

Why are coalitions important?

The work of prevention is greatly advanced when it is coordinated by a locally-developed coalition. By bringing
together stakeholders from all sectors to collect and analyze local data to determine the strengths and the needs of
their community, coalitions become perfectly positioned for the successful implementation of evidence-based programs
that can address the risks faced by Tennesseans. Coalitions utilize a trusted process known as the Strategic
Prevention Framework, beginning with a comprehensive community assessment, making data-driven decisions to
build capacity around changing and emerging issues. Coalitions are equipped to address problems from the onset
and can identify early trends based on comprehensive data assessments. To effectively address local problems,
coalitions collaborate to develop and implement customized strategic solutions.

Coalitions demonstrate long-term success in their ability to impact community-wide outcomes.

Coalitions that utilize a comprehensive and complimentary set of evidence-based strategies have:

• 44% lower adolescent prevalence of use than communities that do not effectively address substance misuse.
• 19% lower adolescent prevalence of use than they did before they received funding to specifically address
substance misuse. (DFC National Cross-Site Evaluation, ICF International, 2014)

Coalitions are the community convener.
The prevention coalition model seeks to achieve community-wide outcomes by bringing together a collaborative
group of key stakeholders. Diverse representation is one of the primary assets of coalitions.

Primary prevention is cost-effective
A conservative cost-benefit analysis revealed for every $1 invested in primary prevention in Tennessee, there is a $4.60 cost savings. When taken to the county level where coalitions operate, the cost savings increases significantly: the average savings in taxpayer burden spending in local communities in Tennessee where it has been measured is $13.33 (range of $6.92 to $17.73)

(Strutner, S., Harrison, S., Stevenson, W., & Pratt, S. (2015). Assessing Benefits and Costs of Prevention: Utilization of Environmental Strategies to Reduce Substance Abuse and the Burden of Public Spending. Allies for Substance Abuse Prevention, Roane County Anti-Drug Coalition)

FOR EVERY DOLLAR

INVESTED IN PRIMARY PREVENTION IN TENNESSEE, THERE WAS A

$4.60 COST SAVINGS

COALITIONS OFFER A

400%

RETURN ON
INVESTMENT

Additionally, by investing in coalitions, decreases are often also realized among teen
pregnancies, truancies, domestic violence, crime, incarceration, child abuse and increasing
academic success, community connectivity, healthy families, and economic growth.

How do coalitions operate?
Environmental strategies are based on the belief that substance abuse is a product of
multiple environmental conditions and circumstances. These include the norms of the
communities in which they live, the accessibility of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs, the
mass media messages to which they are exposed, and the rules and policies of the social
institutions to which individuals belong.

Tennessee coalitions implemented 6,294 evidence-based programs and strategies in FY17, including, but not limited to:

• Drug-Free Workplace Training Programs
• Youth and adult substance abuse prevention
education and development programs
• SBIRT (Screening Brief Intervention Referral
to Treatment) and other Continuing Medical
Education Training for medical providers
• Prescription Drug disposal efforts (e.g.:
takeback events, permanent disposal bins)
• Compliance checks to stop the sale of Alcohol & Tobacco to underage youth
• Community Team Building
• Health Promotion Events (e.g.: back to school event, community event)
• Establishing/Reviewing/Changing Policies - Codes, Ordinances, Regulations, and Laws
• Sobriety Checkpoints and Saturation Patrols
• Media Campaigns (e.g.: Born Drug-Free Tennessee)
• Medication monitoring programs and distribution of free lock boxes

What does it take to be an Effective Prevention Coalition?

Research suggests that effective prevention coalitions impact community-wide
changes in targeted health behaviors. There are specific criteria for effectiveness
that have been identified as crucial to achieving these community-level impacts.

  • Adopts the public health approach
  • Builds capacity around specific issues
  • Has long-range, strategic focus on population-level change
  • Coordinates data collection and analysis
  • Uses data to determine priorities
  • Involves diverse community partners, reflective of the community
  • Selects evidence-based programs, policies, & practices
  • Has long-range, strategic focus on population-level change
  • Sets goals and tracks outcomes over time
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How you can support TN coalitions?

Be a champion for prevention coalitions that are proactive solutions to achieving
positive community outcomes. Establish a long-range plan for investing in effective
community coalition practices that includes funding and other resource allocations for:

  • Experienced, skilled personnel
  • Expert technical assistance, training, and research
  • Evidence-based programming, policies, & practices
  • Administration of passive consent youth surveys to learn more about the risk and protective factors & anti-social behaviors experienced by our youth.
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COALITION
STRATEGIES

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PROVIDING INFORMATION

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ENHANCING SKILLS

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CHANGING PHYSICAL DESIGN

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PROVIDING SUPPORT

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ENHANCING ACCESS/ REDUCING BARRIERS

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CHANGING CONSEQUENCES

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MODIFYING/CHANGING POLITICS

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